Funded: State Policy Analysis

A Detailed Look at Each State's Funding Policies

Below, see summaries of the state’s education funding policy in each issue area. Click the Expand icon next to any summary to see more detail, if available, about that state’s policy regarding that issue area. Click the Citation icon
next to any summary to see the sources of the information regarding that issue area.
New Hampshire
Funding Basics
Formula Type

New Hampshire has a primarily student-based funding formula. It assigns a cost to the education of a student with no special needs or services, called a base amount. It then accounts for the additional cost of educating specific categories of students by adding supplemental, flat dollar amounts to the base amount for each student in those categories and through program-based allocations.

The categories of students generating supplemental funding in New Hampshire are low-income students, English language learners, and students with disabilities. Services for students enrolled in career and technical education programs are funding through program-based allocations.

source(s):

Source 1

Base Amount

New Hampshire has a fixed base funding amount. For FY2016, the per-student base amount was $3,561.27.

This means that an average student with no special needs or disadvantages would be funded at that level.

source(s):

Source 1

Expected Local Share

New Hampshire expects its school districts to raise revenue to support their public schools. The amount each district is expected to raise is based on a combination of its property values and a defined share of the amount calculated by the state to be necessary to educate its students.

Statewide, school districts are expected to contribute a total of $363 million to public education. The The Department of Revenue Administration determines the property tax base in each municipality and sets a uniform education tax rate that will produce a total of $363 million in local revenue when applied to the tax base in all municipalities. This target was set in 2005 and has not been adjusted for inflation.

In FY2016, this tax rate was $2.42 for every $1,000 for every thousand dollars of property wealth. Each municipality gives the revenue directly to its local school district. Once the state calculates the total amount of funding necessary to educate students within a district, it subtracts the expected local contribution and provides the difference in the form of state education aid.  

source(s):

Source 1
Source 2

Student Characteristics
Grade Level

New Hampshire does not differentiate funding based on students’ grade levels.

English-Language Learner

New Hampshire provides increased funding for English language learners. It does so in the form of a flat allocation in the amount of $697.77 for each student receiving English language instruction

source(s):

Source 1

Student Poverty

New Hampshire provides increased funding for students from low-income households. It does so in the form of a flat allocation in the amount of $1,780 for each low-income student.

Students are eligible for this supplemental funding if they qualify for free or reduced-price lunch (FRL) under the National School Lunch Program.

source(s):

Source 1

Special Education

New Hampshire funds special education using a single student weight system, providing the same amount of state funding for each student with disabilities, regardless of the severity of those disabilities.

It does so in the form of a flat allocation in the amount of $1,915.86 for each student with disabilities.

source(s):

Source 1

Gifted

New Hampshire does not provide additional resources for gifted and talented students.

Career and Technical Education

New Hampshire provides specific funding for career and technical education (CTE) programs. It does so through program-based allocations for CTE tuition and transportation to regional CTE centers.

The state appropriates funding annually for CTE tuition support. This appropriation is distributed to districts in proportion to the number of students enrolled in their CTE programs. The state also reimburses districts for the cost of transporting students to regional career and technical education centers.

source(s):

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 188-E:6 through § 188-E:8

Community Characteristics
District Poverty

New Hampshire does not provide increased funding based on the concentration of students from low-income households in a particular district.

However, between 2008 and 2011, the state provided Fiscal Capacity Disparity Aid, which was supplemental aid for property-poor districts and districts with below-average median family incomes. Though this allocation was eliminated in 2011, the state now provides stabilization grants to municipalities for which for which the current year state aid allocation is less that the allocation received in FY2011, which includes most or all municipalities that received Fiscal Capacity Disparity Aid.

Though the stabilization grant currently makes up the entire nominal difference between a district’s current-year state aid and its FY2011 state aid, starting in FY2017, the state intends to reduce the amount of the stabilization grant by 4% of the FY2012 grant amount annually until the allocation is eliminated.

source(s):

Source 1
Source 2

Sparsity and/or Small Size

New Hampshire does not provide increased funding for sparse districts or small schools.